Outstanding pieces of the Archaeological Museum
1 IBERIAN-ROMAN ALTAR STONE
Limestone architectural element with relief on three of its four sides / faces, in which a ritual sacrifice of an animal is represented performed by an offerer or priest. On the first side, it's the sacrifice itself; in the second, the moment of the libations, and in the third, a pátera containing the sacred liquid poured on the altar.
It belongs to the Ibero-Roman culture (1st century BC - 1st century AD).
It was found in 1971, in Escañuela, in the Cortijo de la Torre.
* Patera is an object used in sacred rituals.
2 HISPANIC TERRA SIGILLATA
The Hispanic Terra Sigillata (sealed land), was a semi-luxurious tableware, widely used in Roman times (1st - 2nd century AD). These pieces were found in Los Villares de Andújar. In this district, 5 km east of Andújar, the old Isturgi, nicknamed Triumphale, was located.
One of its distinctive features is the mark or seal that it usually carries in the decoration (if it was decorated, which was the usual thing), or in the central interior part, when it lacked said decoration.
3 HERMA VOTIVA
This herma dedicated to Q. Pompeio, according to archaeologist Dr. Armin U. Stylow (Institute of Archeology of Munich), is unique in Hispania, and the reason for this uniqueness is due to the fact that it is a woman who takes the initiative of dedicate it, in this case, to her fiancé. Tradition established that it was the man who assumed this role.
Q.POMPEIO/Q.F.SERANO F/MANILA.M.F NAVINA/SOPONSA. "To Quinto Pompeyo Serano, son of Quinto, of his fiancée Manila Navina, daughter of Marco"
4 LUCERNE OF ROMAN VENERA
Lucerna with scallop on the disc, derived from the Dressel 3 “Andújar type” form. This oil lamp, which was used for lighting, has a tank at the bottom, where the oil was introduced, and several holes. The holes had different purposes, one was to fill the aforementioned tank, another, called the "breathing hole", to promote the combustion of the oil, and the last was used to locate the wick, which burned slowly, while it was lighting up. It is made from a mold, and was manufactured in Isturgi (Los Villares de Andújar).
Its chronology would be located in the high imperial period, 1st century BC. C.- 1st century AD. C.
5 ROMAN FUNERAL MASK
In Roman times funeral masks had a high moral value and legitimized the family's antiquity. The original masks were made after the death of the person, covering the face with hot wax, to capture the last imprint of him and perpetuate his face, at the time of his death. They presided over the funeral, in which the representatives of the ascendants (deceased of the family), wore the masks with costumes according to the category they had in life. The Romans distinguished between these masks that were made with wax and that reflected the "identity", and the portraits that represented the similarities. The piece on display is a sculptural model, after burial.
Approximate chronology 1st century BC. C. - 5th century d. C.
6 IBERIAN SCULPTORIC FRAGMENT
Iberian zoomorphic sculpture fragment possibly the hindquarters of a bull, although it can also be a lion, or even a horse. The use of this type of sculpture is typical of the Iberian culture, in burials or in sculptural ensembles, representing battles or other types of scenes, dedicated to highlighting a prince as a hero.
Chronology: 5th centuries BC. Inc. C. approximately.
7 IBERIAN CASTELE COIN AS DE CÁSTULO (Linares)
- Chronology: End of the 2nd century BC. C., approximately.
- Obverse: virile head beardless and diademic, facing to the right.
- Reverse: Winged Sphinx with a pointed helmet, marching to the right on a line. In the field, an eight-pointed star and Iberian letter whose reading would be CO. Below, in the exergue, the Iberian legend with the name of the mint, whose reading would be Castele.
Sphinx: fantastic animal usually with the head and neck of a woman, the body of a lion and the wings of a bird.
The sphinx was a very important symbol for Cástulo, (Linares).
Documented by José Cruz Utrera